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Jay Rose

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About Jay Rose

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  • Location
    Boston US
  • About
    Sound designer and industry author. Member CAS and AES. Humor, articles, and studio info at www.dplay.com.
  • Interested in Sound for Picture

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  1. I'm a few years ahead of you, understand what you're facing, and am in no position to give financial advice. But one thing that's kept me sane: When I moved an hour away from downtown (Boston) three years ago, I made sure to get a place that would accommodate a small but workable in-the-box mixing setup. I let enough people know I still had two ears and ten fingers, and was open to anything that (a) interested me, and (b) was being done by someone I liked and/or respected. I haven't made much money this way (and don't have much overhead), but the creative low-$$ indies and pro bonos are just enough to give me ongoing energy and pay a few bills, while letting me sleep late when I want to. YMMV. But I hope it turns out to be close.
  2. "Half the Movie" ...whoops, sorry; show cancelled due to lack of support.
  3. 1970s band: Electric Fudge Which is what we do in post all the time...
  4. I agree. The #%£€# attorney who set up my first corporation in the 1970s should have made it sub-S but didn’t. If he had, I wouldn’t have needed to collapse it when I sold the facility and could have paid tax on my profit at personal rates rather than corporate ones. As it was, I had to dissolve to claim it as personal. Which meant the subsequent operation HAD to be a proprietorship. Lessons; 1) I know better now. 2) I’ll never be rich enough — either as a corporation or individual— to not pay taxes.
  5. I stand corrected. Being an East-coaster, all of us here (including my bank and accountant) refer to them as '04-' numbers. I'm sure your EIN is equally valid. But why do you need a business license or corporation to get one? Form SS4 at IRS.gov, which is how you get an EIN assigned, clearly has a checkbox for 'sole proprietorship'; all they ask is a reference SS for the proprietor. And there's nothing on the form about a business license or number number. They just want the tax-related info (address, type of business, product or service, expected number of employees -- which can be zero -- and so on.). Your state or city MIGHT require a license to do business under your own name, but many don't... so the IRS has no reason to require one.
  6. TV Post, I beg to differ: 04- is a Federal number, and it applies to all US federal and state taxes. It's now referred to as "Taxpayer Identification Number", since you don't need to have employees or pay salaries. I've been 04-2836139 since 1988, when I left the big production house I was at. (My accountant suggested I stay as a sole proprietorship -- just me, no corporation or partnership -- because I'd collapsed my own corporation a few years earlier when I sold my multi-room complex. Accountant said if I formed a new corporation in the same line of work, IRS could take away the tax benefits of my earlier move.) When employers ask for my SS number, I give them the 04 instead. It appears on my billhead. It's not a secret, and can't be used for identify theft. Even though it only refers to me. Most of the producers that pay me net without deductions don't even bother with 1099s... they know that since I'm registered as an 04 with the IRS, the government will work to keep me honest. Productions that do deduct (as required by some state film bureau work) send me a regular W2... but with the 04 number instead of a SS. I file a Schedule C each year, which reports my professional earnings and expenses (including use of home and car, as long as they're reasonable and documented). I pay my own employer's tax on the earnings, just as if I were a corporation paying myself a salary. Then the net profit goes into my 1040 as my income, and I pay federal and state taxes on it the usual way. You can do all this yourself, but I really recommend hiring a CPA (and not a storefront tax company or software, at least for the first few years) because there are a lot of legal things you can take advantage of. License and registration? For my car, yes. As an audio postie, no. I don't bill myself as a civil or electrical engineer, which requires a test and state registration... sound engineers don't, at least around here. Business registration is strictly a local affair. Since I do business under my own name, I don't need any registration here. I don't know of any locality that requires registration for a professional doing business under their own name. Again, IANAL. This isn't legal advice. It's just what's kept me out of trouble for the past ~30 years.
  7. The FAQ is full of corporate-speak and sounds like it's trying to hide "we want to give you fewer opportunities to take advantage of the actual tax law", IMHO. I'm not a lawyer or CPA. As far as I can see 1) The multiple jobs estimator (https://apps.irs.gov/app/tax-withholding-estimator/income-and-withholding) referred to in the new W4's instructions actually has room for freelancers who work on a gig-by-gig basis. And it lets you include the low-paying jobs to reduce the average. 2) It might be worthwhile getting an "04" number as a sole proprietorship, and filing a schedule C for your professional earnings. It's free. 2a) That also makes it easier to deduct for your professional expenses and depreciation and things like business mileage on your car. I've been doing that for years, and when a client requires a W4 or has to withhold because of local film tax rebates, I use the 04 number. 2b) Some producer bookkeepers have complained that they need an SS number rather than the 04. They're wrong. The old w4 even had a place where you could submit the 04 instead of the SS. 2c) End of year, my accountant computes my tax by taking the Schedule C bottom line as my income on the 1040. Then he uses any withheld money to reduce the tax due on the 1040. 3) It may even be legal to submit the old form in place of the new one. See 2b, and check with your lawyer or accountant. You definitely need an accountant... probably one familiar with our business. And a big chunk of their fee is deductible on your Schedule C.
  8. Yes, it's possible... depending on the acoustics of the recording itself. I don't know British copyright law, so I don't know if it's legal for you to make a modified CD for any purpose. There are at least three programs I know of that may be able to do the job... again, depending on the recording itself. They're $$ and require additional software to make the CD. Best bets: ask again at GearSlutz.com... ...and look for a music only recording. Possibly one with a buyout license.
  9. In ref, New York Times this past weekend: YMMV. Or anyone else's who's below the line...
  10. No offense taken. Jim's book is the bible of dialog editing for narrative feature film, and it's well written besides. He devotes a whole book to to the subject. My book is bigger... but it has only one chapter on dialog editing, because it covers the entire soundtrack process from prepro to mix, for all kinds of films and budgets. I'm also sorry you haven't read my book. Jim and I take completely different approaches to figuring out exactly where to make the cut in a spoken line. Both are valid, both are fast and reliable in the heat of editing, and a good editor learns to use both...
  11. Assuming they're logarithmic, like the sounds we can normally hear, most of the separately distinguishable tomato sounds would be in the bottom end of that 20k - 100k range. Just like the acoustic middle of our 20Hz - 20kHz range is considered to be 1k... or why middle C on the piano is ~261 Hz, not 10 kHz. So I'm guessing that if we had a need to record veggie dialog in a production, we could get a lot of it with 96 k s/r. [At worst, the top end of fruit fricatives might suffer. But there is no truth to the rumor that Spanish onions have a lisp.] The golden ear, or golden thumb, types may certainly disagree.
  12. According to an article in New Scientist, ordinary plants make audible* sounds when stressed: (* - Well, audible by dogs and teenagers. Or by 96 kHz files with good mics. Or possibly beating with other sounds up there. At least, they're sounds and apparently reasonably loud.) In the article, drought-stressed tomato plants made 35 sounds an hour... when plant stems were cut, tomato plants made an average of 25 sounds in the following hour... unstressed plants produced fewer than one sound per hour... The implications for farmers and gardeners are obvious. For our productions... well, at least it's another source for stuff that can be manipulated in post.
  13. I hear an animal chattering, filtered and sped up with pitch shift... leading to a reversed crash-with-reverb, so it builds. Your clip cuts before the crash itself; if it were up to me, I'd do a quick fade into the natural verb and ambience so we never hear the crash itself... but that's wild: I've got no pix or story reference, so I don't know what should happen next in context. -- I guess I'm also sort-of Lucas Certified: Randy Thom and I developed a book together, had a contract from a big publisher... but could never make our schedules work to actually write the thing (and cancelled the contract). That being said: 1) I agree with D. Start recording your world. Then get home, start listening to little pieces, organize them, and turn them into little sound montages. That second part is as important as the first: it'll teach you to hear real world in the context of what's usable for sound design. 2) Since I brought up Randy, read his essays. They're all over the web, and he's brilliant. 3) While you're at it, you could read the free tutorials on my website. And if you've got $35, read my audio post book... big chapters on sound effects and manipulation.
  14. How about that you posted a 90 second ad-supported clip, rather than trimming it to the desired sound, or telling us where the sound is located, or (most preferable) posting just the piece of audio you wanted to emulate?
  15. Please add a basic understanding of acoustics, particularly the inverse square law, and a sensitivity to the real echoes in practical rooms.
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